People with diabetes are more likely to develop vision-threatening conditions
- Macular degeneration
- Diabetic retinopathy
Non proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy
Nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy occurs when diabetes damages the small blood vessels in the retina. The damaged vessels leak blood and fluid and cause the retina to swell.
Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy
- Most severe form
- Usually requires surgical intervention
Diabetic Macular Edema
Diabetic macular edema is a severe form of diabetic retinopathy and laser surgery is usually the preferred treatment option.
Symptoms of Macular Edema
- Decreased vision
- Distortion of images
- Difficulty reading
- Missing areas of vision
- Changes in contrast sensitivity